Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a late-Romantic
Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his
generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century
Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century.
While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond
question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of
relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of
Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and
championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of
the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position
he has sustained into the 21st century.